Sunday, July 22, 2018

Discover the legacy of Mataram Sultanate in Solo, Central Java.

The Sultanate of Mataram is an Islamic empire on the island of Java that once reigned in the 17th century. This kingdom was led by a descendant of Panembahan Senopati comprising of Sultang Agung Hanyokrokusumo, Amangkurat I, Pakubuwana I (Pangeran Puger), and Amangkurat IV. Mataram reached its peak of power during the reign of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1613–1645), and began to decline after his death in 1645. 



The descendant of Panembahan Senopati, also called Raden Sutowijoyo, later established Kartasura and lastly sultanates in Surakarta and Yogyakarta was Amangkurat IV. So, Amangkurat IV was the origin of four kings in Surakarta (Solo City), Yogyakarta, Kadipaten Pakualaman, and Mangkunagaran.
 
The legacy of Mataram Sultanate in Solo City can be found in Keraton Surakarta and Mangkunagaan. Administratively, Solo City covers both Keraton Kasunan Surakarta Hadiningrat and Keraton Mangkunagaan. Visit and find yourself the legacy of  Mataram Sultanate in Solo City.
Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat

Keraton Kasunan Surakarta Hadiningrat, Solo.
Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningra is the official palace of Kasunanan Surakarta located in Surakarta City, Central Java. This palace was founded by Susuhunan Pakubuwana II in 1744.  Although the Surakarta Kasunanan has officially become part of the Republic of Indonesia since 1945, this palace complex is still functioning as a residence of Sri Sunan and his court house which still runs the royal tradition until today.

This palace is now also one of the main tourist attraction in the city of Surakarta, also popular known as Solo. A part of the palace complex is a museum that houses various collections of kasunanan, including gifts from European kings, replicas of palace heirlooms, and gamelan. In terms of building, this palace is an example of the best traditional Javanese palace architecture.
 
Keraton Mangkunagaran
In addition to Keraton Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat, Solo also has a beautiful and magnificent palace that is Keraton Mangkunegaran (Mangkunagara Palace). Mangkunegaran Palace, is the official palace of Duchy of Mangkunegaran Praja and the residence of its rulers. Duchy Mangkunegaran or often called Praja Mangkunegaran is an autonomous kingdom who had ruled in the Surakarta region since 1757 until 1946. 

The ruler is a junior branch of the Mataram Dynasty, called Wangsa Mangkunegaran, which starts from Mangkunegara I (Raden Mas Said). Despite the same autonomous status as the other three Mataram fringe kingdoms, the Mangkunegaran ruler does not have the same high authority with the Yogyakarta Sultanate and the Surakarta Kasunanan. The ruler is not entitled to the title of "Sunan" or "Sultan" but "Prince Duke of Arya" ( Pangeran Adipaty Arya).

Keraton Mangkunegaran was founded in 1757 through a long history. After the death of Amangkurat IV of the Mataram Kingdom, this kingdom always intervened by the Dutch colonialists and succeeded in placing the Duke of Anom (PB II) as the heir of the kingdom when Prince Arya Mangkunegaran was the legitimate heir but opposed to the Dutch that led to civil war. Raden Mas Said, the son of Arya Mangkunegaran fight against the Dutch until finally through the agreement of Giyanti, Raden Mas Said got part of the northern part of Surakarta and domiciled in Keraton Mangkunegaran with the title of Mangkunegaran I. 




Keraton Mangkunagara, Solo.
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