Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Five Oldest Cities In Indoesia

Five Oldest Cities in Indonesia 
Indonesia is a country with so many cities in it. There are 98 large and small cities in the country that has about 17,000 islands and various tribes. Cities in Indonesia generally have a strong historical value.Therefore, quite many tourists who come to Indonesia learn the uniqueness of the old cities. They generally learn it from a historical, historical, and cultural perspective.

Here are the 5 cities listed as the oldest city in Indonesia, which began to stand before the year 1000 AD. Jakarta, established on June 22, 1527, is not included in the five oldest cities in Indonesia.First,Palembang; Palembang is the second largest city on the island of Sumatra after the city of Medan. The city that has the nickname "Bumi Sriwijaya" is the oldest city in Indonesia. The main icon of this city is the typical Ampera Bridge. Palebang city is also dubbed "Venice of the East" or "Venice of the East" by people from western countries. The city is also the center of the Sriwijaya Kingdom which is the largest maritime force in Southeast Asia at the time.The city with typical food called ‘Pempek’was founded on June 16, 682 AD, as written on Kedukan Inscription Hill.
Palembang with Ampera Bridge as the Icon in South Sumatra.
Salatiga is the second oldest city in Indonesia after Palembang. If Palembang is located on the southern island of Sumatra, Salatiga is a city in Central Java that has existed since 750 AD.This small town also has its own unique history. The story of the creation of Salatiga City is written in Plumpungan Inscription located in Sidorejo. From the inscription that proved that the city of Salatiga is a very old city in the archipelago.

The third is Malang. Malang is located in the East Java Province, was also one of the oldest cities in the archipelago. The city that is located not far from Surabaya is also dubbed as "Paris van Oost-Java" or "City of Paris in the East of Java Island". Malang Air is cooler than other cities and the beauty of this city, making it considered equivalent to Paris.The famous city as an apple producer itself has been around since 760 AD, shortly after the existence of Salatiga City.

Kediri city is one of the oldest city in Indonesia which established since 879 AD. The city is located in East Java Province with an area of ​​63.40 km ². Kediri is also known as the biggest sugar and tobacco trading center in Indonesia.The history of Kediri and Singasari kingdom is very strong with this city. Various relics of the kingdom - the kingdom was there in Kediri. Until now the city of Kediri continues to smear its image as a city full of history.In Kediri there is a building similar to the Arc de Triomphe Monument in Paris, France. The monument is made similar and used as an icon Kediri.

The fifth oldest city is Magelang. This charming little town is located in Central Java Province. Although the city is small, it has a very strong and valuable history.Magelang city is famous for being the location of the existence of the famous Borobudur Temple to abroad.Magelang was officially established as a city on April 11, 907 AD. In the 18th century England had mastered the city of Magelang and made it the center of government.

Source: Babe = Baca Berita Indonesia at www.babe.co.id

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

Tourist Destinations in West Sumatra

Danau Singkarak
Danau Singkarak or Singkarak Lake is the largest lake in West Sumatra with a length of 21 km, which is located on a side street sport Padang Panjang - Solok.Around the lake there are several places to relax and unwind And there are also various facilities canoe, boat, and hotel. There is also the facility to surround the lake with a beautiful view.  

Singkarak Lake is the 2nd largest lake in Sumatra after Lake Toba. The lake is situated at a height of 36.5 meters above sea level this is the habitat of ornamental fish species that lives only in this lake. Lake water is partly channeled through the tunnel to penetrate Bukit Barisan to Batang Anai to drive hydroelectric generators near Lubuk Alung Batur, Padang Pariaman. Fish bilih (Mystacoleucus padangensis) is a species of fish that are expected to live only in this lake, and became one of the specialties. 

Inevitably, the scenery around the natural attractions are so captivating. So fantastic. Eyes do not get tired of seeing the expanse of clear blue water with small ripples with it. Also, fine sand grains are stretched on the lips of the lake.

Danau Diatas-Danau Dibawah 

 Danau Diatas-Danau Dibawah, or Upper and Lower Lakes is formed from a certain amount of water (fresh or salt) which accumulates in a place that is wide enough, which could occur due to melting glaciers, streams, or because of the springs. Usually the lake can be used as a means of recreation and sport. Both lakes are low as Twin Lakes. Both lakes are located in the village of  Pasar Simpang Lembayang Jaya District, Solok Regency, approximately 47 km from the city of Solok and 56 km from the city of Padang. 

The uniqueness of the twin lakes is to get to the lake at the Top, we have to go through the road which decreases while to get to the lake at the Bottom, we have to go through the road that climb. Around the lake is planted with passion fruit flavor manic, vegetables, and potatoes. One is the twin lakes, namely Lake in Upper-Lake in the Lower.  

Both lakes were located in Gunung Talang, precisely in the area of ​​Bungo Tanjung, Alahan Panjang. The distance between the lakes is only about 300 meter. the journey towards this twin lake is guaranteed not boring. As a mountainous area, the green expanse of trees dominate the landscape. Occasionally seen a row of eye soothing tea plantations.

The existence of the palace, located four kilometers from the capital city of Batusangkar Regency can not be separated from the ups and downs of Minang ethnic. In the history, the castle migrated four times. The first location was in Ateh Bukik palace, Batu Patah, Jorong Gudam. Then, moved to Sungai Bunggo, Jorong Gudam, and moved again not far from Sungai Bunggo.

The transfer of the palace was carried out because of fire. In fact, in 1804, the palace built by Rajo Alam was burned down by the Dutch colonial government. The current Istano Basa is actually a replica of the original. The Original Istano Basa located on top of Bukit Batu Patah was burned down in a bloody riot in 1804. In the late 1970s, the palace can be visited to the public.  

Istano Basa rebuilding process is done by laying down tunggak tuo (main mast) on December 27, 1976 by the Governor of West Sumatra (then Haron Zain). Near the Palace, there is a group of stone inscriptions that not only tells the history of Minang, but also a piece of history of the archipelago as a whole. A number of officials and important figures ever in-Lewa-kan (inducted) received honors traditional Minangkabau in the palace.


The lake is quite beautiful and attractive, located approximately 36 km from the city of Bukittinggi. Can be reached by passing ja Ian winding premises clikena I n designation winding 44 (winding ampek-ampek). The lake is available facilities for swimming, fishing, and water sepecla pretty exciting and there are also hotels and homestay fairly representative. Around Lake Maninjau there are dozens of tourist facilities such as hotels. This volcanic lake is situated approximately 461 meters above sea level. With a size of approximately 100 meters' with a maximum depth of 500 meters. Maninjau Village is located beside the lake. Buya HAMKA (Haji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah), one of Indonesia's famous writer, was born here. HAMKA wrote a book entitled Sinking Ship Van Der Wijk phenomenal. Other famous figures who were born here are Rangkayo Rasuna Said, one of the national heroes. This female name immortalized as one of the protocol roads in Jakarta. The lake is listed as the eleventh largest lake in Indonesia. Meanwhile, in West Sumatra, Maninjau is the second largest lake after Lake Batur which has an area of ​​129.69 km 'which are in two districts of Tanah Datar and Solok district. Around Lake Maninjau are tourist facilities, like hotels (Maninjau Indah Hotel and Pasir Panjang Permai) as well as lodging and restaurants.


Founded by Controleur Rook Maker in 1926, located in the city center. The building was designed by the son of Minangkabau Jazid and Sutan Persistent Ameh. Clock Tower is a symbol of the city of Bukittinggi bungs clikelilingi by gardens and trees pelinclung, which can provide coolness and serves as the town square. From its peak kits can rnenikmati and watch how beautiful slam around Bukittinggi vang decorated Volcano, Mount Singgalang, Mount Sago, and Sianok canyon. One of the unique Clock Tower is the number four - written with the Roman numeral four (1111) - should be written with the Roman numeral four (IV). Moreover around the Clock Tower are Bung Hatta Palace or Tri Arga and there is a plaza that is Plaza Bukittinggi. Clock Tower jugs useful as a guide for the people around to know the time. Clock Tower is engaged in mechanical and consists of four hours / four-face clock facing the four directions of the wind direction with the setup of the clock face diameter 80 cm.


Fortress was founded by Captain Bouer in 1825 at the time of Baron Hendrik Markus De Kock as Der Troepen commander and Deputy Governor General of the Dutch East Indies, which is why this fort known as Fort Fort de Kock. The fortress is located on top of Bukit Jirek used by the Dutch Army as a stronghold of the onslaught of the Minangkabau people, especially since the outbreak of the Padri war in 1821-1837. Around the castle there are still ancient cannons period of the 19th century. Until now, Fort de Kock is still there as a green-white-painted buildings as high as 20 m. Fort de Kock is equipped with a small cannon at the four corners. The area around the castle has been clipugar by the local government into a garden with lots of shade trees and children's toys. From this location we can enjoy a tour of Bukittinggi and the surrounding area. The fort was built in the town of Bukittinggi clalarn pincak in 1825 at the time of the popular resistance led by Tuanku Imam Bonjol and tiger Nan Salapan against the Netherlands. This spacious place has been decorated with the park as a place to watch the height of Sianok canyon and the surrounding hills. 

This cave was built by the Japanese army during World War II to keep food supplies and weapons. This tunnel is 1,400 meters long winding made in the period of 1942, is located in the middle of the park in the canyon panorama Sianok under Bukittinggi, with a width of 2 meters. In the cave there are different purposes for office space,hospitals, food, and weapons.The entrance of the cave are in some places, such as in the canyon Sianok, in Panorama, in addition to the Bung Hatta Palace and London Zoo. The local folk are called Japanese hole. This hole is actually more appropriately called a tunnel (bunker) of Japan. Built in 1942 for defense purposes the Japanese army in World War II and the Greater East Asia War (Dai Tora Senso) on the orders of the military government Japanese Army (Army SecondTwenty-Five) to Sumatra domiciled in Singapore with Defense Army Commander Gen. Watanabe Sumatra. We can get into this hole Japan and the trace we will feel the sensation that is very unique. In it there is a dining room, drink, torture room, kitchen, and space weapons. 

Sianok or Pendiang canyon valley is a beautiful valley, green and lush. The valley is elongated and meandering as the southern boundary of the city of Canyon Koto Gadang up in the canyon Sianok Six Tribe, and ends up Palupuh. Sianok canyon has beautiful pernandangan and menjacli one of the main attractions of the province. The essentially flowed a tributary of the winding explore the crevices of the cliff with the background of Mount Merapi and Mount Singgalang. Sianok canyon breathtaking natural beauty, Bering be used as the imagination of painters and diabaclikan by tourists to take photographs. Sianok canyon located in downtown New York City with a length of ± 15 km, depth of ± 100 m and a width of about 200 m with a surf trip through the path in the valley canyon is attractive recreation, when the journey continues across the canyon in 45 minutes you will arrive at Koto Gadang as Gorges origin some Indonesian leaders, among others, H. Agus Salim and Emil Salim.

Who does not know Harau Valley? The location is a haven for sports lovers of rock climbing. Steepness of the cliffs that reach 90 degrees with a height that reaches 100 meters into a challenge for climbers to conquer. Not only the rock-climbing, in Harau Valley, tourists can enjoy a variety of charms ranging stunning natural scenery, to see the cave or grotto thousand were once used as a hiding place from the pursuit of colonialist fighters. There is also a waterfall. The existence Valley Harau for local communities could not be separated from legencla in the past that originally stood on the precipice of an empire. While the bottom of the valley is the ocean floor. Legencla is reinforced by the results of research geologist who discovered breccia masifyang bebatuanjenis commonly found on the seabed .. Here also found five waterfalls are always pour water yangjernih. Also available in camping facilities for teenagers travel and activities surrounding the nature reserve along the path. Planned nature reserve will be the first wildlife park outside of Java.

 Have you ever imagined an amazing place like heaven? White sand, rows of coconut trees, cool atmosphere, blue sea, the beauty of colorful fish and coral reefs, green trees, delicious food and fun creatures joke? All the wonders that exist in one special package on the island paradise Sikuai. One of the 19 islands that are included in the administrative area of ​​the city of Padang, SumatraBarat (West Sumatra), precisely in the District Bungus sackcloth Bay area of ​​38.6 KMI, or approximately 40 acres. Sikuai has now developed into a featured nautical tourism in the city of Padang. On this island, tourists can perform a number of marina activities such as snorkeling, diving, fishing, or just swim in the crystal clear sea on the island Sikuai while enjoying the colorful marine life including coral reefs. The island region where beauty sea and its contents as well as the peaceful island with natural forests still arranged without the touch of the hands of ignorant destructive. Charm Sikuai feel more attractive, of course Baja to enjoy the beautiful red color of golden sun will sink. 


Campago Hall is located in a very beautiful hill with the cool air well as social life are safe and secure. Precisely in the Village Campago Cuguak Bulek, Mandiangin Koto Salayan Bukittinggi, 4 km from the city center Bukithnggi. To get to the location can be reached by public transport clarat within 10 minutes from the center of London and 1 hour 45 minutes from Padang. Campago Hall stands on the land area of ​​8038 ml with an area of ​​3,054 m 'consists of 2 VIP building, 1 main building consists of 3 Superior rooms and 17 standard rooms are all equipped with furniture. Existing facilities in Campago Hall is a ballroom with a capacity of 40 people, tennis courts, lobby, lounge terrace, a jogging track, an outdoor coffee shop, viewing deck, tower, praying, and adequate parking. Campago Hall can be seen throughout the city of Bukittinggi, like two mountains that line encircling the city of Bukittinggi and houses that lie beneath aclat Campago Hill.

South Sumatra Calendar of 2017 Tourism Events.

  • Festival Odalan Bali (Plaza BKB);
  •  Sriwijaya Travel Fair (Palembang Square Mall);
  •  Palembang Art market festival (Monpera Plaza);
  • Chengbeng Under the Bridge);
  • Perayaan Haul Ki Merogan (Ki Merogan Mosque);
  • Palembang Archery Festival (Jakabaring Sport City);
  •  Palembang Culinary Festival (Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Museum);
  • Musi Triboaton (BKb Plaza);
  • Perayaan Ziarah Qubro ;
  • Palembang Expo (BKb Plaza);
  • South SUmara Expo (BKB Plaza);
  • Shinning Palembang Festival; 
  • Bujang Gadis Competition;
  • Traditional Boat Racing & Decoration Boat Competition (BKB Plaza);

  • Sriwijaya Festival;
  • Culture and Culinary Festival (BKB Plaza);
  • Palembang Heritage Run (Plaza BKB);
  • Pemilihan Putra Putri Sriwijaya (Jakabaring Sport City);
  • The Charm of Musi;
  • Traditional Boat Bidar Festival (BKBPlaza);
  • Traditional Song Festival Palembang (OPI);
  • World Tourism Day Celebration;
  • Gebyar Wisata (BKB Plaza);
  • Coffee festival (Al Munawar Campong);
  • Sriwijaya fashion carnival (Palembang Icon Mall);
  •  Sriwijaya Culture Parade (Bukit Siguntang)


Sunday, March 12, 2017

Let's Explore the Uniqueness of Cirebon City.

Cirebon is one of major cities in West Java province. It is a port city on northern coast of West Java. It is around 250 km to the east of Jakarta and located on the cross road to Central Java, as well as to Southern Java. When driving eastern-ward of Java Island through northern coast, Cirebon is a must city to pass by, especially when traveling by train. Cirebon is also accessible by air transportation.

Culturally, Cirebon is unique.  Its location on the north coast of the island of Java which is the border between Central Java and West Java, making it a port and a "bridge" between the Javanese and Sundanese culture so as to create a culture unique culture that is not dominated culture Cirebon Javanese and Sundanese culture.

Originally, the word "Cirebon" comes from Javanese word sarumban. Cirebon was a small hamlet, then grew into a bustling village and later named as Caruban (Carub in Cirebon language means unite). It was named as such because there was a mixed community made up of immigrants from various nationalities including Sundanese, Javanese, Chinese, and the Arabians. The pronunciation of the word Caruban was, then, changed again into Carbon and then Cerbon (wikipedia). 

Cirebon is also known with the nick name Kota Udang or, the Shrimp City.In addition to the above mention, the word Cirebon also because since the beginning of the livelihood of most people are fishermen, then developed the work to catch fish and rebon (small shrimp) along the water on the coast.Alternatively, it could be derived from the Sundanese words of "Ci" (water or river) and "Rebon" ("shrimp").

Besides, Cirebon is known as Kota Wali or  a Saint  City. It is called as such because in the early propagation of Islam in Java, in a place, now known as Cirebon,  one of Wali Songo or Nine Saints called Sunan Gunung Jati made Cirebon as the center Islamic teaching.  At the time he was the  Sultan of Cirebon and reigned from 1479 - 1568. 

The legacy of Cirebon Sultanate is shown by the existence of four Keratons or Palaces in Cirebon City. These palaces are Keraton Kasepuhan, Keraton Kanoman, Keraton kacirebonan, and Keraton Keprabon.  The four palaces have a common thread in term of architecture design and history. They all have a blend of architectural elements from Islamic architecture, China, and the Netherlands.
Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon.
Of all, Kasepuhan Palace is the grandest and best-preserved palace in Cirebon. Meaning in every corner of the famous architecture was the most historic keratonini. The front page of this palace surrounded by red brick walls and there is a marquee therein.

This palace has a museum that is quite complete and contain heirlooms and paintings of the royal collection. One collection of sacred namely Singa Barong train. This train is no longer used and is only issued to each 1 Syawal bath. The inside of this palace consists of a main building which is white. It poses a living room, bedroom and throne.

Kanoman Palace was the center of civilization Cirebon Sultanate, which later split into Kanoman, Kasepuhan Palace, Kacirebonan palace, and the palace Keprabon. The greatness of Islam in West Java can not be separated from Cirebon. Sunan Gunung Jati is the person responsible for spreading Islam in West Java, so talk about Cirebon not be separated from the figure Sharif Hidayatullah or Sunan Gunung Jati.

Sunan Gunung Jati also left his mark which is still standing upright, the trail was named Kraton Kanoman. Kanoman still holds obey the customs and pepakem, of whom carry the tradition Grebeg Shawwal, a week after Eid and visit the grave of an ancestor, Sunan Gunung Jati in the village of Astana, North Cirebon. Historic relics in Kanoman closely associated with religious symbols of Islam are keen to do Sunan Gunung Jati, also known as Syarif Hidayatullah.

Kanoman palace complex which has an area of approximately 6 hectares is located behind the market in this Kraton sultan to twelve named Raja Muhammad Emiruddin family along. Kraton Kanoman an extensive complex, which consists of twenty-seven ancient buildings. one of them named ward Witana saung which is the forerunner of the Palace of almost five times the football field.

In this palace there are Sunan Gunung Jati goods, such as two trains named Paksi Naga Liman and Jempana well-preserved and stored in the museum. Burak shape, namely animal driven by Prophet Muhammad when he ascended. Not far from the train, there Jinem wards, or Hall for Receiving guests, the coronation of the sultan and giving the blessing of an event such as the birth of the prophet. And in the middle of the palace there is a building complex of buildings named Siti Hinggil.

The interesting thing from the palace in Cirebon is the original porcelain plates decorate the walls of China who became all the palaces in Cirebon. Not only in the palace, ceramic plates were scattered in almost all the historic sites in Cirebon. And no less important royal palace in Cirebon is always facing north. And in the yard there is a statue of a tiger as a symbol of King Siliwangi. In front there is always a square palace square to the people gathered and the market as an economic center in the east of the palace there is always a mosque.

The third palace is Kacirebonan Palace. Kecirebonan palace was built on 1800 AD, this palace housed many historical relics such as Keris, Puppet, fixtures War, Gamelan and others.As well as Palace Kasepuhan and Kanoman, Keraton Kecirebonan also maintain, preserve and implement customs and ceremonies such amulet Pajang ceremony and so on.Kreaton Kacirebonan located in the village area Pulasaren District of Pekalipan, exactly 1 km southwest of Keraton kasepuhan and approximately 500 meters south Kanoman.

The last is Keraton Keprabon. This palace like the above mentioned three palaces has a typical combined elements of Arabic architecture, China, and also the Dutch into one. Keraton is facing north and has a mosque and also the square as a meeting place. Moreover, in this Keprabon kreaton, you can also find a wide range of heritage that you can see, such as the statue of sorts Siliwangi, and also various other historic objects around the palace.


Saturday, March 4, 2017

Calendar 2017 of Tourism Events in South Sulawesi.

17             The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
23             Pattaugung and Massampo Wanu, Soppeng
24 - 25      Makasar Interfood, Makasar
28             Mappalili, Parepare
29             Wajo Anniversary 618th, Wajo
                 Movie Week, Makasar (March)

8               Makasar Culinary Night, Makasar
3   -  6       Bone Anniversary, Bone
17             The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
20 - 26      Creative Work Week, Makasar
                 Bira Beach Run, Bulukumba (April)
                 Ajarang Festival, Jeneponto (April)
                 Maccera Tasi, Palopo (april)

12 - 15      Love Festival of Ainun and Habibie - Parepare City
17             The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
20 - 21      Makasar Tourism and Art Market  - Makasar City
                 Festival Sanrobengi Island - Takalar Regency (May)
                 National Photography Jamboree - Makasar City (May)
                 Makasar Community Fiesta - Makasar City (May)
2               Bantimurung Culture Festival - Maros Regency
12             The Birth and Die Day of Prince Hasanuddin, Gowa
                 Gantarang Keke Festival, Bantaeng (June)
17             The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa

17             The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
20 - 23      Toraja International Festival - Kete, Kesu, Noerth Toraja
21 - 23      Makasar Travel Fair, Makasar
29             Soup Saudara Festival, Pangkep
                 Ramang - Ramang Festival - Maros Regency (July)
                 Beautiful Malino, Gowa (July)
                 South Sulawesi Traditional Art Festival, Sidrap (July)
                 Lemo Beach Festival, East Luwu (July)
                Traditional Culinary, East Luwu (July)

12 - 13     Kite Festival, Makasar
17          The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
23            Tempe Lake Festival, Wajo
26 - 27     Garden Music Festival, Makasar
                Explore South Sulawesi Culinary Festival, Makasar (August)
                Folk Fishermen Fiesta and Boat Racing, Sidrap (August)

1              Accera Kalompoang, Gowa
3  -  6      Takabonerate Charm Festival, Selayar
8  -  10    Celebes Beauty Fashion Week, Makasar
9             Makasar Culinary Night, Makasar
16 - 17    Makasar Tourism Art Market, Makasar
17          The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
27 - 29    Salokaraje-7 Festival, Parepare
               Buntu Kabobong Festival, Enrekang (September)
               Rowing Festival, Enrekang (September)
               Cultural Procession A'dinging-dinging, Selayar (end of Muharram Month-Islamic Calender)

14 - 15   Makasar Traditional Games Festival, Makasar
17          The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
26 - 28   Photography Competition of Charm of Selayar Island, Selayar
28          Traditional Boat Marine Festival, Makasar
              Explore South Sulawesi Run Competition, Makasar-Bira-Gowa

1  -  5     Makasar Expo, Makasar
11          Makasar Culinary Night, Makasar
11          Supermonde Cruise Marine Festival, Makasar
12          Losari Festival,Makasar
17          The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
17          Gowa Anniversary, Gowa
              Maudu Lompoa Cikoang, Takalar (November)
              Maudu A'daka ri Gowa (Prophet Muhammad Birth Day), Gowa (November)
              Celebes Travel Mart, South Sulawesi Province (November)
              Mappagau Sihanua, Sinjai (November)
              Phinisi Festival, Bulukumba (November)
              Mappalili Rituals, Pangkep (November)
              Makasar Jazz Festival (November)

1           Malino Run, Gowa
17          The Change of Palace Guard, Tol Barani Troop, Ballalompoa Palace, Gowa
26 - 30  Lovely Toraja, Toraja
             International Barista Competition, Toraja (December)

Source: The Inflight magazine of Batik air, March 2017. 

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Visit Botanic Gardens Across Indonesia.

Botanical garden in Indonesia has been associated with  tourism attractions, in fact, it functions more than mere leisure activities. Bogor Botanical garden, for example, since its foundation, has also served as a major research and education center for agriculture and horticulture. It is operated by Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) and collects 13,983 different kinds of trees and plants of various origin in Indonesia. It is considered among the oldest botanical garden in Southeast Asia (wikipedia.com).

Currently, there are 5 botanical gardens operated by LIPI and 27 by local governments in 20 provinces. These botanical gardens represent only 17 of 34 eco-region (geographical eco-systems) in Indonesia. The botanical gardens (BGs) are as follows :
  • Samosir BG, North Sumatra (100 ha) : high land plants in North Sumatra;
  •  Pelalawan BG in Pelalawan, Riau (100 ha) : peatland forests in Sumatra;
  •  Batam BG in Riau Islands (86 ha) : plants of small islands in Indonesia;
  •  Solok BG in, West Sumatra (112.6 ha) : spices plants of Indonesia;
  •  Bukit Sari BG in , Jambi (425 ha) : low land plants of Sumatra;
  •  Sriwijaya BG in South Sumatra (100 ha) : medicinal plants and wet land of Sumatra;
  •  Liwa BG in Lampung (116 ha) : decoration plants;
  •  Bogor BG in West Java (87 ha) : low land plants with wet climate;
  •  Cibinong BG in West Java (309 ha) : Indonesia's plants based on bio-region;
  •  Cibodas BG in West Java (84.99 ha) : high land of Western Indonesia;
  •  Kuningan BG in West Java (172 ha) : rocky area plants and Mount Ciremai;
  • Baturaden BG in Central Java (142 ha) : mountain plants of Java island;
  • Indrokilo BG in Boyolali, Central Java (8 ha) : rain forest plants of low land ;
  • Purwodadi BG, East Java (85 ha) : low land plants of dry climate;
  • Eka Karya BG in Bali (157.5 ha) : high land plants of Eastern Indonesia;
  • Jaganatha BG, Jembrana bali (5.8 ha) : Typical plants for rituals;
  • Lombok BG in West Nusa Tenggara (130 ha) : Smaller Sunda Islands Plants;
  • Sambas BG in Sambas West Kalimantan (300 ha) : Kalimantan Riparian Plants;
  • Danau lait BG in West Kalimantan (328 ha) : Equatorial Zone Plants;
  • Katingan BG in Katingan Central  Kalimantan : Indonesia's Fruit Plants;
  • Banua BG in Banua South Kalimantan (100 ha) : Medicinal Plants in Kalimantan;
  • Balikpapan BG inBalikpapan East Kalimantan (309) : Wood Plants in Indonesia;
  • Minahasa BG in North Sulawesi (186 ha) : high land plants in Wallacea Zone;
  • Megawati Soekarnoputri BG in North Sulawesi (221 ha) : plants in Wallacea Zone;
  • Kendari BG in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi (113 ha) :  plants over utramafic soil;
  • UHO BG in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi (22.88 ha) : Endemic plants of Sulawesi;
  • Massenrempullu BG, in Enrenkang, South Sulawesi (300 ha) : Wallacea Zone Plants ;
  • Jompie BG, in Parepare, South Sulawesi (13,5 ha) : Coastal Wallacea Zone Plants;
  • Pucak BG, in Maros, South Sulawesi (120 ha) : plants of economic values ;
  • Wamena BG, in Wamena, Papua (160 ha) : Middle Mountain Plants;
  • East Belitung BG, Bangka Belitung Islands ;
  • Sampit BG, in Sampit, Central Kalimantan ;
  • Gianyar BG, Gianyar Bali;
    Bamboo Collection in Bogor Botanical Garden.
    Conservation program of specific plants across the archipelago lags behind. So far Botanical gardens has collected 26 percent of threatened plants  in Indonesia. Yet, it accounts for only 25 percent of plants in Indonesia. This means that around 75 percent has no collections in the Botanical Gardens. Despite this fact, Botanical Gardens is worth of visiting to understand the ultimate diversity of Indonesia in terms of its national wealth.
    A Beautiful Lake Surrounded by Plant Collection in BBG.

    Source : Kompas, Friday, February 24, 2017.

    Saturday, February 25, 2017

    Up-coming Tourism Events in Indonesia (May 2017).

    Rinjani 100 (May 5-7, 2017).
    Formerly named as Rinjani Ultra, Rinjani 100 is one of the hardest races on the trail program. In extension to the old route and famously unmerciful trail from Senaru to Segara Anak Lake before finally crowning the sumptuous Mount Rinjani. the A-race is now a full 100 km with 9,166 meter of altitude gain. Scaling the Sembalun Hills, traversing ridges and valley, as well as an immense health, this trail unquestionably fuses together a breathtaking sight with an extra-brutal race for seasoned mountain runners.There are shorter distances on the program, although you still have to keep a good place to beat the cutt-off time. In any case, your struggles will be greatly paid by the staggering views of the volcano and the ocean surrounding Lombok Island.

    Vesak Day (May 10, 2017).
    Every year, thousnads of Buddhist monks gather in Borobudur Temple to perform a blissful ceremony called Praksadina. As a tribute to birth, death, and the enlightenment of Siddharta Gautama (known to most of us as Buddha), Vesak Day is one of the most popular rituals in Indonesia. Visitors are more than welcome to watch and observe this ceremony.  The first ritual is Pindapta, and continues on with a cavalcade from Mendut Temple to Borobudur Temple. With a momentous release of gorgeous lanterns into the sky as a symbol of letting go as the closing ceremony, this event gives you a chance to witness tranquility at its best. As Buddha has taught once; the highest form of happiness will only come when humans let go of their longings and desires.

    Ubud Food Festival (May 12 - 14, 2017).
    One of the most celebrated new three-day gastronomic events, Ubud Food Festival will spice up your cullinary adventure. It does not stop at outstanding chefs and innovative cuisine. Ubud Food Festival dishes up on a variety of delicious events, including workshops by food professionals, food tours arround the area's beautiful landscape, cooking demonstrations by cullinary icons, and food forums by restaurateurs. As their third  year in the gastronomy globe, fresh local produce is always one of the highlights of Ubud Food Festival. Explore endless possibilities with Indonesian ingredients, culinary experts, and naturally, Indonesian traditional dishes. Create your culinary journey with well-known chef celebrities and diverse food specialists.

    Isen Mulang Festival (May 18 - 23, 2017).
    Derived from Isen (Abstinence) and Mulang (Surender), Isen Mulang means to 'never give up and strive to achieve'. The festival contains a series of competitions in Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan, displaying distinct Dayak Cultures through a ride down the river with whimsically decorated boats, Nourishing the spirits of Dayak people, the tradition is to unite, build together, tolerate, and maintain human dignity. With a series of programs such as races and games, dancing contests, music performances, and sport events, Isen Mulang Festival gathers thousands of Dayak people from the woodlands and hiterland villages to take part in a National Carinival Parade held in the center of this town. This is a perfect opportunity for you to exchange cultural wisdom with Dayak natives.

    Art Jog (May 19 - June 19).
    Since 2008, the many artists of Jogjakarta have contributed to Jogjkarta Art Fair. Althought in 2010 the name changed to Art Jog, the festival remains to be an outstanding exhibit with remarkable artworks fom numerous local artists. Art Jog defines the creative movement and culture initiated by both young and old artists of Jogjakarta. Art Jog will take you into the infinite cosmos of art through various mediums. SHowing the work of more than 80  Indonesians and International artist, Art  Jog  is undoubtedly one of the must-see events for art enthusiasts around the world who are looking only for the best source of artistic inspirations.

    Bintan Triathlon (May20 - 21).
    Ranging from new runners to professionals, Bintan Triathlon is one of the most awaited annual triathlon festivals in Asia, presented in six different categories. Entering its twelfth year as it continues to draw more participants every year, the even is always a good challenge for sport lovers with its endurance test. The location itself, a port island only 45-minute ferry ride from Singapore, feels like a world away. It is filled with pure white sand that tiuns gold from the shining tropical sun and pristine waters  to dive yourself in, an absolute heaven on earth. Are you ready to test your stamina with some of the world's best athlete on one of Indonesia's astounding islands?

    Jogja Beach Run (May 21, 2017).
    Passionate runners from around the world are encouraged to roam around the gorgeous landscape of Yogyakarta and Parangtritis, including the magnificent beach of Depok, Yogyakarta. Prepare yourself to run around on one of the most beautiful coats throughout java and its most pleasant view before sunset. Along with its legendary sea cuisines, you are guarenteed a good time. No matter if you're a professional runner or a newbie, this competitive event is your gateway to a culturally rich and healthy exercise.

    Bali Blues Festival (May 27,2017).
    Sweet melodies and smooth sound continues on as Bali Blues Festival celebrates its third successful year. Featuring Indonesia's most talented musicians, Bali Blues festival will boost your romantic mood,adding colors to your stay in the romantic island. With a remarkable lineup, you'll hear wonderful live sessions of world-class performances.

    Harapan Island Folk Art Festival (May, 2017).
    Harapan Island, literally translated as the island of hope, is an island surrounded by blue sea with breathtaking coral reefs. Filled with hopeful small settlements and resorts, as well as beach full of palm trees, the citizens of Harapan Island celebrate the modesty of their culture by holding the Harapan Island Folk Art Festival. Stop by for an array of art performances and exhibitions, along with displays of local cuisines that will keep you both full and entertained while you bask in the wonderful nature of Thousand Islands, or known as Pulau Seribu in Jakarta.

    International Musi Triboatton (May, 2017).
    International Musi Triboatton is an extremely thrilling boat race that takes place along more than 500-kilometer stretch  of the Musi River, one of the largest rivers in Sumatra Island. The race is broken down into five stages, featuring three water sport  such rafting, canoeing, and traditional dragon boat racing.Situated in wonderful route through several distrcits starting from Musi Banyuasin, Musi Rawar, Banyuasin, Empat Lawang, and the City of Palembang itself, the race passes beautiful villages and natural landscape along the Musi River. This river adventure is one daring competition with strong currents and encouraging obstacles. It will all be worth it once you take a glance at the most scenic sights from one spot to the next.

    International Tour de Banyuwangi Ijen (May, 2017).
    Recognized by  Union Cysliste Internasionale, International Banyuwangi Tour de Ijen is a fine race with more than 99 participants from 21 countries. The route begins and ends in Banyuwangi, where the sun rises firsthand. Immersing culture with sports, the opening ceremony of the event has a selection of art performances such as jedor drum concert and a release of hundreds of birds into the sky. The race covers 171.4 km through powerfully enchanting toute: shores, rural areas, and mountains; the main spot is none other than beautiful Ijen Crater. It is the only crater in the that emits blue fire. Experience a daring cycling challenge along enthusiastic  athletes from around the world.

    Jailolo Bay Festival (May, 2017)
    The islands of Maluku hold many of the most exotic beauty that defines Indonesia as a destination, including natural landscapes and cultural delights. Perfectly bundled at Jailolo Bay Festival, this celebration is a tribute to the sea at it is the source of people's livelihood and an approach to raise people's awareness of the beautiful west Halmahera. This exquisite festival holds uniqque competitions, both inland and underwater: diving and swimming, fishing, traditional dance, landscape photography, along with rowing race and fish eating challenge. To live up the festival, there are also musical performances. Jailolo Bay Festival is your gateway to an incredible journey at eastern part of Indonesia.

    Medan International Coffee Festival (May, 2017)
    As the third largest coffee producer in the world, Indonesia holds many delicious coffee beans to satisfy all coffee lovers. A few of them can be found in the most popular coffee shops all over the world, including the original North Sumatran coffee beans such as Sumatra Arabica, Sidikalang, Mandailing, Tarutung, and Lintang. Intrdoducing the produce, quality products, and the natural process of North Sumatran coffee, the three-day festival is created especially for you so you can enjoy the delights of freshly grinder coffee. Medan International Coffee features coffee exhibition, experts talk show, buyer and seller meeting, cupping sedssions, and mutual brewing demo.

    Tour de Flores (May, 2017)
    Tour de Flores 2017 comprises of a massive cycling tour around the island of flore, broken down into five stages with a total distance of approximately 743 kilometers. As a part of the UCI Asia Tour, Tour de Flores is anticipated to be the focal event of a wider cycling festival that will attract the attention of various avid cyclists globally. The tour also holds other stimulating activities, opening with a visit to the majestic Kelimutu Lake, a your via fun cycling as a supporting event, and ending with a stopover at KOmodo Island's Pink Beach. Get your bikes tuned for one of the most exciting tours in Indonesia.

    Source: Ministry of  Culture & Tourism, Republic of Indonesia.